Imigodi eyi-10 Ephezulu Ehlabathini (1-5)

05. ICarajás, eBrazil

I-KARAGAS lelona lizwe livelisa intsimbi ekrwada enkulu, inovimba oqikelelwa kwi-7.2 yebhiliyoni zeetoni.I-Mini Operator yayo, iVale, ingcali yesinyithi yaseBrazil kunye nemigodi, ngoyena mvelisi mkhulu wehlabathi wentsimbi ekrwada kunye nenikeli kwaye isebenzisa izibonelelo zombane ezisithoba.Lo mgodi uxhaswe lidama lombane laseTukurui elikufuphi, elinye lelona candelo linemveliso yaseBrazil kunye neprojekthi yokuqala yombane ozakugqitywa kwihlathi lemvula laseAmazon.UTukuri, nangona kunjalo, ungaphandle kolawulo lukaVale.Intsimbi yentsimbi yeKaragas lilitye elinqabileyo kwisithsaba sikaVale.Ilitye layo liqulethe i-67 pesenti yentsimbi kwaye ngoko ke inikezela ngeyona ntsimbi iphezulu kakhulu.Uluhlu lwezibonelelo kumgodi zigubungela i-3 yeepesenti yehlathi lesizwe laseBrazil, kwaye i-CVRD izimisele ukukhusela i-97 eseleyo ngeepesenti ngokusebenzisa intsebenziswano yobuchule kunye ne-ICMBIO kunye ne-IBAMA.Phakathi kwezinye iiprojekthi zophuhliso oluzinzileyo, iVale iphuhlise inkqubo yokurisayikilisha kwentsimbi ekrwada eyenza ukuba inkampani ikwazi ukuhlaziya iitoni ezizigidi ezi-5.2 zentsimbi ekrwada egqwesileyo efakwe kumachibi okusalisa.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: intsimbi

Umsebenzisi: Vale

Ukuqala ngo-1969

Imveliso yonyaka: 104.88 yezigidi zeetoni (2013)

04. Grasberg, Indonesia

Iyaziwa iminyaka emininzi njengediphozithi yegolide enkulu emhlabeni, idiphozithi yegolide yaseGlasberg e-Indonesia yidiphozithi yegolide ye-porphyry, oovimba bayo babonwa njengento engabalulekanga phakathi kwe-1980s, akuzange kube yilapho kuphononongwa ngo-1988 e-PT Freeport Indonesia apho kwafunyanwa ukuba banoovimba ababalulekileyo abasagrunjwayo.Oovimba bayo baqikelelwa ukuba baxabisa malunga nama-40 eebhiliyoni zeerandi kwaye uninzi lungabanini be-Freeport-McMoRan ngentsebenziswano ne-Rio Tinto, enye yezona ngxilimbela zemigodi zibalulekileyo kwihlabathi.Lo mgodi unomlinganiselo owahlukileyo kwaye ngowona mgodi uphezulu wegolide ehlabathini (5030m) .Ingumngxuma ovulekileyo ngokuyinxenye kwaye ingaphantsi komhlaba.Ukusukela ngo-2016, malunga ne-75% yemveliso yayo ivela kwimigodi evulekileyo.I-Freeport-McMoRan iceba ukugqibezela ukufakela iziko elitsha kumzi-mveliso ngo-2022.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: Igolide

Umsebenzisi: PT Freeport Indonesia

Ukuqalisa: 1972

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni ezingama-26.8 (2019)

03. Debmarine, Namibia

I-Debmarine Namibia yohlukile kuba ayingomgodi uqhelekileyo, kodwa uthotho lwemisebenzi yemigodi yase-offshore ekhokelwa yi-Debmarine Namibia, i-50-50 yendibaniselwano phakathi kwe-De Beer Group kunye norhulumente waseNamibia.Lo msebenzi wenziwa kunxweme olusemazantsi eNamibia kwaye inkampani yathumela iqela leenqanawa ezintlanu ukubuyisela iidayimani.NgoMeyi ka-2019, ishishini elidibeneyo libhengeze ukuba liza kuphuhlisa kwaye lisungule inqanawa yokuqala yehlabathi yokubuyisela idayimani, eya kuqalisa ukusebenza ngo-2022 ngexabiso le-468 yezigidi zeedola.I-Debmarine Namibia ibanga ukuba lolona tyalo-mali luxabisekileyo kwimbali yoshishino lwedayimani yolwandle.Imisebenzi yokwembiwa kwemigodi iqhutywa ngeetekhnoloji ezimbini eziphambili: ukomba olusemoyeni kunye nohlobo lwetekhnoloji yokumba i-crawler.Inqanawe nganye kwinqanawa iyakwazi ukulandela, ikhangele kwaye iphonononge indawo ephantsi kolwandle, isebenzisa ubuchwephesha bokomba obukwinqanaba eliphezulu ukunyusa imveliso.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: idayimani

Umsebenzisi: Debmarine Namibia

Ukuqala: 2002

Imveliso yonyaka: I-1.4 yezigidigidi zeeCARATS

02. Morenci, US

IMoresi, eArizona, yenye yezona zinto zivelisa ubhedu emhlabeni, kunye nogcino oluqikelelwa kwi-3.2 yeebhiliyoni zeetoni kunye nomxholo wobhedu oyi-0.16 ekhulwini.I-Freeport-McMoRan ine-stake eninzi emgodini kwaye i-Sumitomo ine-28 yepesenti yezabelo kwimisebenzi yayo.Lo mgodi ubunemingxuma evulekileyo ukususela ngo-1939 kwaye uvelisa malunga ne-102,000 yeetoni zobhedu ngonyaka.Ekuqaleni wagrunjwa ngaphantsi komhlaba, lo mgodi waqalisa inguqu ukuya kumgodi ovulekileyo ngowe-1937. UMgodi weMORESI, icandelo eliphambili lemisebenzi yomkhosi wase-US ngexesha lemfazwe, uphantse waphinda kabini imveliso yawo ebudeni beMfazwe Yehlabathi II.Izinyibiliki zayo ezibini zembali ziye zayekiswa ukusebenza kwaye zaphinda zasetyenziswa, esesibini sayeka ukusebenza ngo-1984. Ngo-2015, iprojekthi yokwandisa iplanti yesinyithi yagqitywa, inyusa umthamo weplanti ukuya malunga ne-115,000 yeetoni ngosuku.Lo mgodi kulindeleke ukuba ufikelele ku-2044.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: Ubhedu

Umsebenzisi: Freeport-McMoRan

Ukuqala ngo-1939

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni ze-102,000

01. Mponeng, eMzantsi Afrika

Umgodi weGolide weMPONENG, omalunga neekhilomitha ezingama-65 kwintshona yaseRhawutini kwaye phantse iikhilomitha ezi-4 ngaphantsi komphezulu weGauteng, ngowona mgodi wegolide unzulu ehlabathini ngokwemigangatho yomphezulu.Ngobunzulu bomgodi, iqondo lobushushu bomphezulu weRock lafikelela malunga ne-66 °C, kwaye udaka lomkhenkce lwaphoselwa emhlabeni, lwehlisa ubushushu bomoya ngaphantsi kwe-30 °C.Umgodi usebenzisa iteknoloji yokulandelela i-elektroniki ukwandisa ukhuseleko lwabasebenzi basezimayini, iteknoloji inceda ngokukhawuleza nangempumelelo ukwazisa abasebenzi abangaphantsi komhlaba ngolwazi olufanelekileyo lokhuseleko.I-Anglogold Ashanti ingumnini kwaye iqhuba lo mgodi, kodwa yavuma ukuthengisela i-Harmony Gold ngoFebruwari 2020. NgoJuni 2020, iHarmony Gold yayiqokelele ngaphezulu kwe-200 yezigidi zeedola ukuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwempahla yeMPONENG ephantsi kwe-AngloGold.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: Igolide

Umsebenzisi: Harmony Gold

Ukuqala ngo-1981

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni eziyi-9.9


Ixesha lokuposa: Feb-22-2022