Imigodi eyi-10 Ephezulu Ehlabathini (6-10)

10.Escondida, eChile

Ubunini bomgodi we-ESCONDIDA eAtacama Desert kumantla eChile bohlulwe phakathi kweBHP Billiton (57.5%) , iRio Tinto (30%) kunye nendibaniselwano ekhokelwa yiMitsubishi (12.5%) idityanisiwe.Umgodi wawubalelwa kwi-5 yeepesenti yemveliso yethusi yehlabathi kwi-2016. Imveliso sele iqalile ukuhla kwiminyaka yamuva nje, kwaye i-BHP Billiton yathi kwingxelo yayo ye-2019 malunga neenzuzo zomgodi ukuba imveliso yobhedu e-Escondida yawa ngeepesenti ze-6 ukusuka kunyaka-mali odlulileyo ukuya kwi-1.135 iitoni million, ukwehla okulindelekileyo, ukuba inkampani iqikelela 12 ekhulwini ukuhla kwibakala ubhedu.Ngo-2018, i-BHP yavula iplanti ye-ESCONDIDA yokukhupha ityuwa ukuze isetyenziswe kwimigodi, ngoko ke inkulu kwi-desalination.Isityalo siye sandisa ngokuthe ngcembe imisebenzi yaso, kunye ne-desalinated water accounting kwi-40 yeepesenti zokusetyenziswa kwamanzi kwisityalo ekupheleni konyaka-mali ka-2019. impembelelo ebalulekileyo kuphuhliso lomgodi uphela.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: Ubhedu

Umsebenzisi: BHP Billiton (BHP)

Ukuqalisa: 1990

Imveliso yonyaka: 1,135 kilotons (2019)

09. UMir, eRashiya

Umgodi wokungqusha waseSiberia wawukade ngowona mgodi mkhulu wedayimani kwindawo eyayisakuba yiSoviet Union.Umgodi ovulekileyo uziimitha ezingama-525 ubunzulu kunye ne-1.2 yeekhilomitha ububanzi.Igqalwa njengomnye weyona mingxuma mikhulu yokugrumba emhlabeni kwaye ililitye lembombo kwishishini ledayimani elalisakuba yiSoviet.Umgodi ovulekileyo wasebenza ukusuka kwi-1957 ukuya ku-2001, wavalwa ngokusemthethweni ngo-2004, waphinda wavulwa ngo-2009 kwaye wahamba ngaphantsi komhlaba.Ngethuba wawuvalwa ngo-2001, lo mgodi wawuqikelelwa ukuba uvelise iibhiliyoni ezili-17 zeedayimani ezirhabaxa.Umgodi wokusila waseSiberia, ngoku osetyenziswa yiAlrosa, eyona nkampani inkulu yedayimani yaseRussia, ivelisa iikhilogram ezingama-2,000 zeedayimani ngonyaka, iipesenti ezingama-95 zemveliso yedayimane yelizwe, kwaye kulindeleke ukuba iqhubeke nokusebenza kude kube ngu-2059.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: idayimani

Umsebenzisi: Alrosa

Ukuqala ngo-1957

Imveliso yonyaka: 2,000 kg

08. Boddington, Ostreliya

Umgodi we-BODDINGTON ngowona mgodi wegolide waseOstreliya mkhulu ovulekileyo, ugqitha umgodi wegolide odumileyo (i-Feston open-pit) xa waphinda waphinda wavelisa ngo-2009. Iidipozithi zegolide e-Boddington kunye ne-Maanfeng ibhanti ye-greenstone eNtshona Ostreliya ziidipozithi zegolide ze-greenstone.Emva kokubambisana ngeendlela ezintathu phakathi kweNewmont, Anglogoldashanti kunye neNewcrest, iNewmont yafumana i-stake kwi-AngloGold ngo-2009, yaba yedwa umnini kunye nomqhubi wenkampani.Lo mgodi ukwavelisa i-copper sulfate, yaye ngoMatshi 2011, kwiminyaka nje emibini kamva, uye wavelisa iitoni zokuqala zegolide ezingama-28.35.I-Newmont yasungula iprojekthi ye-carbon offset yamahlathi e-Burdington ngo-2009 kwaye yatyala i-800,000 ye-horsepower saplings eNew South Wales nakwi-Western Australia.Inkampani iqikelela ukuba le mithi iyakufunxa malunga neetoni ezingama-300,000 zekhabhoni kwiminyaka engama-30 ukuya kwengama-50, ngelixa iphucula ubutyuwa bomhlaba kunye neentlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo, kunye nokuxhasa umthetho wase-Australia ococekileyo waMandla kunye nenyathelo lezoLimo leCarbon, isicwangciso seprojekthi sidlale indima ebalulekileyo kulwakhiwo. yemigodi eluhlaza.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: Igolide

Umsebenzisi: Newmont

Ukuqala ngo-1987

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni ezingama-21.8

07. Kiruna, Sweden

Umgodi we-KIRUNA eLapland, eSweden, ngowona mgodi mkhulu wentsimbi emhlabeni kwaye ubekwe kakuhle ukujonga i-Aurora Borealis.Umgodi waqala ukugrunjwa ngo-1898 kwaye ngoku uqhutywa ngurhulumente i-luossavara-kiirunaara Aktiebolag (LKAB), inkampani yezimayini yaseSweden.Ubungakanani bemigodi yensimbi yaseKiruna bukhokelela kwisixeko saseKiruna ukuba sithathe isigqibo kwi-2004 ukufuduka kwindawo yedolophu ngenxa yomngcipheko wokuba kuya kubangela ukuba umhlaba udibanise.Ukufuduswa kwaqala ngo-2014 kwaye umbindi wesixeko uya kwakhiwa kwakhona ngo-2022. NgoMeyi 2020, inyikima ye-4.9 yenzeke kwi-shaft yemigodi ngenxa yemisebenzi yemigodi.Ngokomlinganiselo wenkqubo yokubeka iliso kwinyikima, ubunzulu obumalunga ne-1.1 km.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: intsimbi

Umsebenzisi:LKAB

Ukuqala ngo-1989

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni zezigidi ezingama-26.9 (2018)

06. Inja ebomvu, i-US

Ifumaneka kwingingqi yeArctic yaseAlaska, umgodi weRed Dog ngowona mgodi mkhulu we-zinc emhlabeni.Umgodi uqhutywa yi-Teck Resources, ekwavelisa ilothe nesilivere.Lo mgodi uvelisa malunga neshumi ekhulwini le zinc yehlabathi kulindeleke ukuba usebenze de kube ngumnyaka ka 2031. Lo mgodi ugxekwe ngokuchaphazeleka kwendalo, ingxelo ye-United States Environmental Protection Agency ithi ukhupha izinto eziyityhefu ezininzi kwindalo esingqongileyo. indawo yokusebenzela eUnited States.Nangona umthetho we-alaskan uvumela amanzi amdaka acociweyo ukuba akhutshelwe kuthungelwano lwemilambo, iTektronix yajongana nesenzo somthetho ngo-2016 ngongcoliseko loMlambo i-Urik.Sekunjalo, i-Arhente yoKhuseleko lweNdalo yase-United States yavumela i-Alaska ukuba isuse i-Red Dog Creek kunye ne-ICARUS creek kuluhlu lwayo lwamanzi angcolisekileyo.

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Isicatshulwa esicacisayo:

Iminerali engundoqo: iZinc

Umsebenzisi: Teck Resources

Ukuqala ngo-1989

Imveliso yonyaka: iitoni ezingama-515,200


Ixesha lokuposa: Feb-22-2022